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Pharaoh Necho
2 Chronicles 35:20 - Necho King of Egypt
 
Statue of Pharaoh Necho
Statue of Necho
 
Statue of Pharaoh Necho
Statue of Necho from the Museum of Fine Arts - Boston.
 
Statue of Pharaoh Necho
Nude female figure with cartouches of Necho II embossed on her upper arms. Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York.
 
History
Necho II (also known as Nekau II) was a king of the Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt (610 - 595 BC), and the son of Psammetichus I. He played a significant role in the histories of the Assyrian Empire, Babylonia and the Kingdom of Judah.

In the spring of 609 BC, Necho personally led a sizable force to help the Assyrians. Josiah of Judah sided with the Babylonians and attempted to block his advance at Megiddo, where a fierce battle was fought and Josiah was killed (2 Kings 23:29, 2 Chronicles 35:20-24). Necho continued forward, joined forces with Ashur-uballit and together they crossed the Euphrates and laid siege to Harran. Although Necho became the first pharaoh to cross the Euphrates since Thutmose III, he failed to capture Harran, and retreated back to northern Syria. At this point Ashur-uballit vanishes from history, and the Assyrian Empire collapsed.
 
 
Apis Bull and Mokattam Hills
Necho also undertook a number of construction projects across his kingdom. His son and successor Psammetichus II afterwards removed Necho's name from almost all of them for unknown reasons.

Necho is known to have been responsible for monuments honoring the Apris Bull in Memphis. Inscriptional evidence of the king has also been found in the quarries of the Mokattam Hills.

Historian Herodotus Names Necho

"The son of Psammetichos was Necos, and he became King of Egypt" - Herodotus Histories Book II
 
 
Scriptures
2 Chronicles 35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

2 Chronicles 35:22 Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

2 Chronicles 36:4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.