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King Nebuchadnezzar
2 Kings 24:1 - In his days Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon came up
 
Babylonian Chronicle
Cuneiform tablet with part of the Babylonian Chronicle. British Museum.
 
Brick of Nebuchadnezzar
Brick of Nebuchadnezzar II Neo-Babylonian dynasty, about 604-561 BC From Babylon, southern Iraq. British Museum.
 
Nebuchadnezzar Temple
This door-slab comes from the lower part of a flight of steps in the Temple of Ezida in Borsippa. The inscription reads: Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon. British Museum.
 
Cylinder of Nebuchadnezzar
Cylinder of Nebuchadnezzar II.Neo-Babylonian dynasty, 604-562 BC From Babylon, southern Iraq. British Museum.
 
History
Nebuchadrezzar II (also Nebuchadnezzar; reigned 605 BC - 562 BC) is perhaps the best known ruler of Babylon in the Chaldean Dynasty. He is famous for his conquests of Judah and Jerusalem, his monumental building within his capital of Babylon, his role in the Book of Daniel, and his construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which as legend has it, he made for his wife because she was homesick for the mountain springs where she grew up.

He is traditionally called "Nebuchadnezzar the Great", but his destruction of temples in Jerusalem and the conquest of Judah caused his vilification in Judaic tradition and in the Bible, causing him to be interpreted very differently by western Christians and Jews than in contemporary Iraq, where he is glorified as a historic leader.

 
 
Babylonia
The most spectacular evidence of Nebuchadnezzar's military successes are his building works in Babylonia. All the great old cities were extensively rebuilt. Most notable was the development of Babylon. The remains were revealed by German excavations early this century and much material is now in the Vordersaistiche Museum Berlin. After 594 BC little is known about the political events of Nebuchadnezzar's reign.
 
 
 

Dedicatory Inscription on the Ishtar Gate, Babylon
Part of the inscription reads:
"Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, the faithful prince appointed by the will of Marduk, the highest of princely princes, beloved of Nabu, of prudent counsel, who has learned to embrace wisdom, who fathomed their divine being and reveres their majesty, the untiring governor, who always takes to heart the care of the cult of Esagila and Ezida and is constantly concerned with the well-being of Babylon and Borsippa, the wise, the humble, the caretaker of Esagila and Ezida, the firstborn son of Nabopolassar, the King of Babylon."

The Gate and full text of the inscription

 
 

Scriptures
2 Kings 24:1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him.

Jeremiah 28:3
Within two full years will I bring again into this place all the vessels of the LORD'S house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place, and carried them to Babylon:

Daniel 3:9
They spake and said to the King Nebuchadnezzar