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Edict Of Caesar - The Nazareth Inscription
Matthew 27:60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.
 
The Nazareth Inscription
The Edict of Caesar. Also known as the Nazareth Inscription. Dated to 41 AD.
 
The Pontius Pilate inscription
The Pontius Pilate inscription found at Caesarea. Israel Museum.
 
Excavated north of Jerusalem
Excavated north of Jerusalem
the burial of a man identified
by a Hebrew inscription as
Yehohanan or Yohanan Ben
Ha'galgol.
 
Ossuary of Caiphas - "Yehosef bar Kayafa," translated as " Joseph, son of Caiaphas. Israel Musem.
Ossuary of Caiphas - "Yehosef bar Kayafa," translated as " Joseph, son of Caiaphas. Israel Musem.
 

History
The Nazareth Inscription is a 24" x 15" marble tablet with a 14-line "Edict of Caesar" proscribing capital punishment for tomb-breakers, acquired by the Frohner Collection in 1878 from Nazareth. Michael Green [Man Alive, 1968, p. 36] cites a secular source of early origin that bears testimony to Jesus' empty tomb.

This piece of evidence is also called the Nazareth Inscription, after the town where it was found. It is an imperial edict, belonging either to the reign of Tiberius (A.D. 14-37) or of Claudius (A.D. 41-54). And it is an invective, backed with heavy sanctions, against meddling around with tombs and graves! It looks very much as if the news of the empty tomb had reached Rome in a garbled form (Pilate would have had to report: and he would obviously have said that the tomb had been rifled). This edict, it seems, is the imperial reaction.

Translation from the Greek by Clyde E. Billington:

EDICT OF CAESAR
2. It is my decision concerning graves and tombs--whoever has made
3. them for the religious observances of parents, or children, or household
4. members--that these remain undistrubed forever. But if anyone legally
5. charges that another person has destroyed, or has in any manner extracted
6. those who have been buried, or has moved with wicked intent those who
7. have been buried to other places, committing a crime against them, or has
8. moved sepulchre-sealing stones, against such a person, I order that a
9. judicial tribunal be created, just as is done concerning the gods in
10. human religious observances, even more so will it be obligatory to treat
11. with honor those who have been entombed. You are absolutely not to
12. allow anyone to move those who have been entombed. But if
13. someone does, I wish that violator to suffer capital punishment under
14. the title of tomb-breaker.

Matthew 27:60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.

Matthew 27:63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.

Since its original publication in 1930 by M. Franz Cumont, no scholar has published evidence to disprove its authenticity.

Clyde Billington of Northwestern College has dated it to A.D. 41, & interpreted it as evidence for the historicity of Christians preaching the resurrection of Jesus within a decade of His crucifixion.

Scriptures
Matthew 27:60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.