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Valley of Megiddo
2 Chronicles 35:22 - And Came to fight in the valley of Megiddo
 
Megiddo
Early Bronze Altar at Megiddo. Part of a large religious complex from the third millennium B.C
 
Megiddo
Middle bronze gate at Megiddo. Bibleplaces.com
 
Megiddo
A Girl excavating in the ruins of a palace at Megiddo 2004.
 
Megiddo
Meggido aerial photo. Bibleplaces.com
 
History
Megiddo is a hill in Israel near the modern settlement of Megiddo, known for theological, historical and geographical reasons. In ancient times Megiddo was an important city state. It is also known alternatively as Tel Megiddo (Hebrew) and Tell al-Mutesellim (Arabic).

Megiddo was a site of great importance in the ancient world, as it guarded the western branch of a narrow pass and an ancient trade route which connected the lands of Egypt and Assyria. Because of its strategic location at the crossroads of several major routes, Megiddo and its environs have witnessed several major battles throughout history.

Thutmose III Asiatic Campaign
Megiddo is also mentioned in Ancient Egyptian writings because one of Egypt's mighty kings, Thutmose III, waged war upon the city in 1478 BC. The battle is described in detail in the hieroglyphics found on the walls of his temple in Upper Egypt.

Thutmose III names two other cities found in the Bible.
From Ancient Near East Texts - Volume I - ANET

"Sharuhen" - Joshua 19:6
"Taanach" - Judges 5:19
"Horses of chariots and gold and silver and of painted work. His majesty (Thutmose) commanded his army for the capturing of Megiddo"

"And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel." - 1st Chronicles 7

The Journey of Wen-Amon to Phoenicia
This papyrus resides in the Moscow Museum. Wen-Amon was an official from the Egyptian Temple of Amon at Karnak.

From Ancient Near East Texts - Volume I - ANET
"I reached Dor, a town of the Tjeker"


Excavations at Megiddo

Megiddo has been excavated three times. The first excavations were carried out between 1903 and 1905 by Gottlieb Schumacher for the German Society for Oriental Research. In 1925, digging was resumed by Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, financed by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. until the outbreak of the Second World War. During these excavation it was discovered that there were twenty levels of habitation, and many of the uncovered remains are preserved at the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

Scriptures
2 Kings 23:29 In his days Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.

2 Chronicles 35:22 Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

2 Kings 23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem