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Herod Antipas
Matthew 14:3 For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife.
 
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History
Herod Antipas -a nickname derived from Antipatros- was the son of the Jewish king Herod the Great and his wife Malthace; he was full brother of Archelaus and a half brother of Philip. With his brothers Archelaus and Philip, he was educated in Rome, a kind of honorable detention to guarantee his father's loyalty. In his father's testament, Herod Antipas was appointed tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea (the east bank of the Jordan). The Roman emperor Augustus confirmed this decision and Antipas' reign could begin (4 BCE).

The Death of John the Baptist
The situation for which Herod Antipas was remembered most was with the imprisonment and death of John the Baptist (Matt 14:3-12; Mark 6:1729; Luke 3:19, 20; Jos. Antiq. xviii. 5. 2 ; 116-119) .

Antipas had married the daughter (name unknown) of Aretas IV, the Nabatean king, which probably was instigated by Augustus who was known to favor intermarriages among the various rulers for the sake of peace in the Roman empire. This marriage would have not only made for peace between the Jews and the Arabs, but also Aretas' territory served as a buffer between Rome and Parthia. Hence they were married around 14 A.D.

Around 15 years later (29 A.D.) Antipas made a journey to Rome. On his way he paid a visit to his half brother Herod (Philip) who had apparently lived in one of the coastal cities of Palestine. Antipas fell in love with his Philip's wife Herodias who was also Philip’s own niece. She seemed was a very ambitious woman and this was her opportunity to become the wife of a tetrarch. She agreed to marry Antipas on his return from Rome upon the condition that Aretas' daughter must be cast out (Jos. Antiq. xviii. 5. 1 ; 109, 110) . Aretas' daughter got wind of the arrangement and quickly fled to her father. This divorce was not only a personal insult to Aretas but also a breach of a political alliance which later led to a retaliation by Aretas.

Not long after Aretas' daughter had departed, Antipas and Herodias were married. John the Baptist spoke boldly against this marriage and therefore Antipas imprisoned him. John's denouncement was that Antipas had married his brother Philip's Wife. The Mosaic law forbad the marriage of a brother's wife (Lev 18:16; 20:21) with the exception of raising children to a deceased childless brother by levirate marriage (Deut 25:5; Mark 12 :19) .

"For Herod slew him, who was a good man, and commanded the Jews to exercise virtue, both as to righteousness towards one another, and piety towards God, and so to come to baptism" - Josephus Antiquties, XVIII, v, 2.

A Detailed history on Herod Antipas can be found here.

Cities of Sepphoris and Tiberias

Sepphoris was rebuilt and fortified after Galilee came under the rule of Herod Antipas. The importance of this city for our study of the Gospels lies in the fact that it was located only four miles from Nazareth. During Jesus’ early years, Herod Antipas was restoring, developing and fortifying Sepphoris. It served as his principle residence and the administrative center of Galilee, until he built Tiberias in A.D. 18-20.

Tiberias, famed as a city in the region where Jesus preached, as the capital of Herod Antipas, the seat of the Sanhedrin, and the place where the Jerusalem Talmud was written, is so rich in antiquities that archaeologists in Israel call it “the City of Treasures.”

Photos from excavations at Tiberias

Coin of Jesus found in Ancient Tiberias Excavation

Scriptures
Matthew 14:3 For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife.

Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene