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Diana of the Ephesians
Acts 19:35 Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana?
 
Diana Ephesians
The statue of Diana of the
Ephesians on a silver coin of the Roman emperor Claudius. The legend reads DIANA EPHESIA. British Museum.
 
Statue of Diana with a female deer. Louvre Museum.
Statue of Diana with a female deer. Louvre Museum.
 
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The site of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus in Turkey: Some stacked remnants recreate columns, but nothing remains of the original temple.
 
The Roman Theatre at Ephesus
The Roman Theatre at Ephesus. "They rushed with one accord into the theatre" - Acts 19:29
 

History
Artemis Ephesia, an Anatolian fertility goddess, was worshipped on the same site at Ephesos for a long period, her altar and shrine undergoing various construction phases and alterations.

Temple of Artemis
The many-breasted "Lady of Ephesus", identified by Greeks with Artemis, was venerated in the Temple of Artemis, the largest building of the ancient world, and one of the Seven Wonders of the World, of which scarcely a trace remains. Ephesus was an important center for early Christianity. Paul used it as a base.

"The Ephesians then, being besieged by him, dedicated their city to Artemis and tied a rope from the temple to the wall of the city: now the distance between the ancient city, which was then being besieged, and the temple is seven furlongs." Herodotus Histories - Book 1

Historical sources tell us that the temple was deliberately burnt down by Herostratus in 356 BC, and, according to tradition, on the very night that Alexander the Great was born in Macedon. Many of the architectural elements and sculptures from the Archaic Artemision show clear signs of burning.

God Destroys Her Temple
"And all the graven images thereof shall be beaten to pieces, and all the hires thereof shall be burned with the fire, and all the idols thereof will I lay desolate. In the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust." Micah 1:7-10

Micah says "Burned with fire"
The temple of Artemis (Diana) at Ephesus was destroyed in an act of arson committed by Herostratus.According to the history, his motivation was fame at any cost, thus the term herostratic fame.

Micah says "Idols will I lay desolate"
There are only two columns of the Temple that remain today and the rest of it sits completely under a swamp land.

Micah says "In the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust." Aphrah in the Hebrew has only two meanings - Dust as in house of Dust and a Female Deer.

Today there is only one statue of the Godess Diana of the Ephesians that remains. It can be seen at the Louvre Museum in Paris. In the statue behind her stands a female deer.



Theatre at Ephesus
The theatre at Ephesus was used initially for drama, but during later Roman times gladiatorial combats were also held on its stage. The population of Ephesus has been estimated to be in the range of 400,000 to 500,000 inhabitants in the year 100 CE, making it the largest city in Roman Asia and one of the largest cities of the day. Ephesus also had several major bath complexes, built at various points while the city was under Roman rule. The city had one of the most advanced aqueduct systems in the ancient world.

"They rushed with one accord into the theatre" - Acts 19:29

Merchants Selling Statues of Diana
Acts 19:24 In chapter 19 a silversmith named Demetrius who makes statues of Diana complains about Paul and how he is interfering with their trade to earn a living by building and selling statues of Diana "this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people"

This is still done in Ephesus to this very day. The merchants try and sell statues of her to tourists!

Acts 19:35 And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana

Acts 19:34 But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians

Acts 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised