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Matthew 26:3 Unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas
Caiaphas Ossuary
Inscribed on the ossuary were the words "Yehosef bar Kayafa," translated as " Joseph, son of Caiaphas. Israel Musem.
Caiaphas Ossuary
A frontal view of the ossuary. Israel Museum.
The Pontius Pilate inscription
The Pontius Pilate inscription found at Caesarea. Israel Museum.

Caiaphas was the high priest of the Jews under Tiberius. The Procurator Valerius Gratas appointed him to the dignity. He was son-in-law of Annas and was the Jewish high priest who ruled over the Sanhedrin, the highest Jewish court, from 18 - 36 AD. This made him second in power only to the Roman governor.

The Caiaphas Ossuary

In December of 1990, an exciting discovery rocked the world of archaeology! In the Peace Forset section of Jerusalem, a first century Ossuary, or "bone box," was discovered. Inscribed on the ossuary were the words "Yehosef bar Kayafa," translated as "Joseph, son of Caiaphas." Excavator Zvi Greenhut of the Israeli Antiquities Authority recovered the artifact, which is now on display at the Isael Museum in Jerusalem.

Matthew, Luke and John each identify Caiaphas as the high priest that presided over the arrest and trial of Jesus. The historian Josephus also identifies “Joseph Caiaphas” as the Jewish high priest from 18 to 36 AD (Jewish Antiquities 18:35). Josephus also refers to him as “Joseph who was called Caiaphas of the high priesthood” (Jewish Antiquities 18:95).

Caiaphas and Pontius Pilate
Caiaphas had no power to inflict the punishment of death, and therefore Jesus was sent to Pilate, the Roman governor, that he might duly pronounce the sentence against Jesus. At a later period Caiaphas's hostility to the gospel is still manifest even after the resurrection - ( Acts 4:6).

The Caiaphas Ossuary, Pontius Pilate's Caesarea inscription, evidence of crucifixion, and historians also naming Pilate and Caiaphas confirm that the story of Christ's crucifixion is by no means a fairy tale.

Matthew 18:16 But if he will not hear you, then take with you one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.

Matthew 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas

Luke 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests

Matthew 26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.